Fatti non foste a viver come robot
“Whoever wants to get an idea of what will happen tomorrow should read the last essay by Magnani” La Repubblica
“Magnani proposes the endowment capital: brilliant idea, which will be worth discussing” Corriere della Sera
In the summer of 2019, Amazon introduced a fleet of autopilot drones to deliver orders in half an hour. In the previous two years, the Chinese robot Xiaoyi passed the medical examination and the android Sophia obtained Saudi citizenship after difficult language tests.
Intellectual professions are as at risk as the work of workers and employees: sophisticated algorithms perform financial transactions without traders, write articles in place of journalists, analyze contracts faster than legal, make more accurate diagnoses than doctors.
As always in history, machines replace man and innovations increase productivity. But this time, in a globalized and hyper-connected world, there is the fear of a growth without work and not respectful of environmental, social, demographic, food, energy constraints.
Fatti non foste per vivere come robot is a profound reflection on the concept of sustainability. The economist Marco Magnani considers possible a more balanced growth and defuses the apocalyptic alarmism on the destiny of the job: it identifies the jobs to risk but also the new trades; analyzes alternative growth models – circular and civil economy, sharing economy, happy degrowth – and compares different socio-economic strategies, from the reduction of working hours to the robot tax, from work of citizenship to universal income; formulates the innovative proposals of endowment capital and social dividend, which will raise a lot of discussions.
In order to avoid unsustainable growth and the lacerating human-machine conflict, we must use innovations to improve human life, invest without fear in school and training, rediscover the identity and social value of work, meeting the needs the needs of present generations without burdening future generations, preserve the health of the planet, ensure that many can benefit from the wealth produced. Redistributing it, but even more by creating mechanisms of pre-distribution of the means that generate it.
The aim is to govern epochal change by establishing an intelligent coexistence with machines. Among the \’new trades\’ there could be above all one, very old: the shepherd-man. Of Robots.
He has lived for thirty years between Italy and the United States. He is an international lecturer in International Economics and Monetary and Financial Economics at Luiss, a fellow of the Institute of International Affairs and a Senior Research Fellow of the Harvard Kennedy School of Government since 2011. He worked for twenty years in investment banks, in JP Morgan in New York and was an advisor to American, European and Asian companies.